This case history describes the use of electromagnetic methods during the application of steam-assisted gravity drainage to monitor chamber growth.
Thanks to the Society of Exploration Geophysicists for permission to reproduce figures and adapt text from:
Sarah G. R. Devriese and Douglas W. Oldenburg (2016). ”Feasibility of electromagnetic methods to detect and image steam-assisted gravity drainage steam chambers.” GEOPHYSICS, 81(4), E227-E241. https://doi.org/10.1190/geo2015-0451.1
Sarah G. R. Devriese* and Douglas W. Oldenburg (2015) Time-lapse three-dimensional electromagnetic inversion of growth-impeded SAGD steam chambers. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2015: pp. 2842-2847. https://doi.org/10.1190/segam2015-5909921.1
Steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) is a method for extracting heavy oil from the Athabasca oil sands in Alberta, Canada. This method uses steam to heat the oil, which then becomes mobile and can be extracted. The research investigated the applicability of different electromagnetic surveys to monitor steam chamber growth and focuses on geologic region in the Athabasca oil sands. EM surveys can be a useful tool, in addition to the other monitoring techniques, because steaming causes a change in the resistivity of the oil reservoir.
[DO16a] : Feasibility of electromagnetic methods to detect and image steam-assisted gravity drainage steam chambers
[DO15] : Time-lapse three-dimensional electromagnetic inversion of growth-impeded SAGD steam chambers